BASIS ETIKA LINGKUNGAN HIDUP MASYARAKAT TRADISIONAL MADURA | Utsman | Al-A'raf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat

BASIS ETIKA LINGKUNGAN HIDUP MASYARAKAT TRADISIONAL MADURA

Hasani Utsman(1*)
(1) UIN Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.22515/ajpif.v15i1.1203

Abstract

This study aims to describe the environmental ethical values of Maduranese traditional society. Their belief to nature, especially related to the land and sea landscape is manifestation form of shifting paradigm: from anthropocentrism to the spirit of biocentrism-ecocentrism, become the basis for the environmental ethics development. Based on the ethnographical approach, the moral view of Maduranese traditional society is obtained through participant observation and direct interaction, the results of this study revealed that Maduranese traditional society put forward two main principles in interacting to the nature, i.e. harmony and belief to the supernatural forces, which is led to the diversity of the land use typology and nature’s rituals. For land use context, the cosmology of Maduranese traditional society is more complicated and rigorous, because the ecological factors of Madura are dominated by uneven mooring compared to the ecology of Java Island which is dominated by rice fields. The Maduranese's traditional society belief system to nature seems more syncretic than the tradition of the people in Java Island.

Keywords


Cosmology, Environment, Ethics

References


Abdullah, M. Amin. Filsafat Etika Islam Antara Al-Ghazali Dan Kant. Bandung: Mizan, 2002.

Abdullah, Mudhofir. “Green Vision Ariah Islam.” Ibda’: Jurnal Kebudayaan Isla 10, no. 1 (2012): 30–46.

Anshoriy, Nasaruddin, and Sudarsono. Kearifan Lingkungan Dalam Persepektif Budaya Jawa. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 2008.

Bertens, K. Etika. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2013.

Fawaid, A. “The Environmental Conservation: An Ecopedagogical Approach Practiced by Pesantren Annuqayah, Madura.” DINIKA: Academic Journal of Islamic 1, no. 2 (2016): 131–142. http://ejournal.iain-surakarta.ac.id/index.php/dinika/article/view/119.

Hariani, Agus Eko Raharjo Pepekai; Luthfi Mta’ali; Su Rito Hardoyo; Sudrajat; Rika. “Dampak Konservasi Lahan Terhadap Lingkungan Lahan Pertanian Dan Strategi Adaptasi Petani Di Kecamatan Mejayan, Madiun.” Majalah Geografi Indonesia 28, no. 2 (2014): 103–113.

Jonge, Huub de. Madura Dalam Empat Zaman: Pedagang Perkembangan Ekonomi Dan Islam. Jakarta: PT Gramedia, 1989.

Keraf, A. Sonny. Etika Lingkungan Hidup. Jakarta: Kompas Media Nusantara, 2010.

———. Filsafat Lingkungan Hidup: Alam Sebagai Sebuah Sistem Kehidupan Bersama Fritjof Capra. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2014.

Keraf, A. Sony. Etika Bisnis Tuntutan Dan Relevansinya. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1998.

Khitam, Husnul. “Kontekstualisasi Teologi Sebagai Basis Gerakan Ekologi.” DINIKA: Academic Journal of Islamic Studies 1, no. 2 (2016): 143–164.

Kuntowijoyo. Perubahan Sosial Dalam Masyarakat Agraris Madura 1850-1940. Yogyakarta: Matabangsa, 2002.

Mangunhardjana, A. Isme-Isme Dalam Etika Dari A Sampai Z. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1997.

Mulder, Niels. Mistisme Jawa Ideologi Di Indonesia. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2001.

Purwadi. Pranata Sosial Jawa. Yogyakarta: Cipta Karya, 2007.

Ramly, Nadjamuddin. Islam Ramah Lingkungan Konsep Dan Strategi Islam Dalam Pengelolaan Pemeliharaan Dan Penyelamatan Lingkungan. Jakarta: Grafindo Khazanah Ilmu, 2007.

Rodin, Dede. “Alqur’an Dan Konservasi Lingkungan: Telaah Ayat-Ayat Ekologis.” Al-Tahrir 17, no. 2 (2017): 391–410.

Sadik, Sulaiman. Memahami Jati Diri Budaya Dan Kearifan Lokal Madura. Jawa Timur: Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa Balai Bahasa Provinsi Jawa Timur, 2014.

Simuh. Sufisme Jawa Transformasi Tasawuf Islam Ke Mistik Jawa. Yogyakarta: Bentang, 1995.

Siswanto, Joko. Kosmologi Einstein. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana, 1996.

Soegianto. Kepercayaan, Magi Dan Tradisi Dalam Masyarakat Madura. Jember: Penerbit Tapal Kuda Bekerjasama dengan Pusat Penelitian Budaya Jawa dan Madura Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Jember, 2003.

Sukarni. “Isu Lingkungan Dalam Perspektif Kalam, Fiqh, Dan Tasawuf.” Islamica 7, no. 2 (2013): 445–467.

Sumintarsih, Dkk. Kearifan Lokal Di Lingkungan Masyarakat Nelayan Madura. Yogyakarta: Kementrian Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Deputi Bidang Pelestarian dan Pengembangan Kebudayaan Balai Kajian Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional Yogyakarta, 2005.

Suseno, Franz Magnis. Etika Jawa: Sebuah Analisa Falsafi Tentang Kebijaksanaan Hidup Jawa. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 1996.

———. Etika Sosial Buku Panduan Mahasiswa PB 1-PB VI. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 1993.

Tresnawati, Nailah. “Pembelajaran Sains Berbasis Kearifan Lokal Dalam Upaya Peningkatan Konservasi Lingkungan Pada Mahasiswa PGSD Di Batik Tulis Ciwaringin Cirebon.” Al Ibtida Jurnal Pendidikan Guru MI 5, no. 1 (2018): 69–82. http://www.syekhnurjati.ac.id/jurnal/index.php/ibtida/article/download/2603/1544.

Zuhriah. “Kuliwa: A Cultural Identity of the Local People of Mandar, West Sulawesi.” DINIKA: Academic Journal of Islamic Studies 1, no. 2 (2016): 165–175.


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 280 times
PDF views : 57 times

Dimensions Metrics

The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader).

If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs.

Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link above.

Fullscreen Fullscreen Off

Full Text: PDF

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.