BERMAIN DENGAN 'KARTU' ISLAM: POLITIK ISLAM MAHATHIR MOHAMMAD DI MALAYSIA DAN SOEHARTO DI INDONESIA
This study explains the role and strategy of the government in Malaysia in the era of Mahathir Mohammad and Indonesia during the Soeharto era, in facing their Islamists group opposition. In the early days of power, the two regimes used more of an iron cage to defeat their political enemies. Mahathir fought with the increasingly radical PAS (Parti Al-Islam Se-Malaysia) force since the early 1980s, while Suharto from the early 1970s faced extreme Islamic groups. If Mahathir still leaves spaces for competition, Suharto does not want to compromise. But in its development, the two regimes have chosen a softer strategy by playing 'cards' Islam with the dual purposes: co-opting opponents and building a better image as an Islamic regime. Therefore, the political project of Islamization by Mahathir and Suharto cannot be separated from the challenges of domestic political contestation and the search for new legitimacy. Both of these Islamic political projects ended differently. The fall of the Soeharto regime in 1998 due to the monetary crisis and democratic reforms, has put an end to all the political projects he has designed. In contrast, the Mahathir regime survived in facing a similar crisis. Therefore, its pro-Islam policy continues in Malaysia although not as aggressive as the previous period.
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