NEGARA DAN KEPEMIMPINAN DALAM PEMIKIRAN ALFARABI
The political concept of Alfarabi is derivated from the concept of Platonic, Aristotelian, and Islam. The ideal state is the state which is elaborated the universal values of humanism, not just limited to certain ethnic and nation which is emphasizing its obedience just to God, not the something else. In this paper, the writer tried to interpret the original works of Alfarabi which is directly related to his political thought and the other thinkers who are studying his political thought. In his political thought, Alfarabi emphasized that the main purpose of the state is to make the social-welfare for its citizens. Based on the organic theory, Alfarabi stated that the government of the state is just look-like the human organism system. In which, each of the existing element functioned to strengthen each other to achieve one goal. The ideal state for Alfarabi is the state which is having the goals for its citizen welfare, and who become the prime leader is a philosopher, who is having the prophetic character, having the wider knowledge, and able to communicate with al 'aql al fa’al trough al ‘aql mustafad.
Abddillah, Masykuri. Demokrasi di Persimpangan Makna. 2nd ed. Yogyakarta: PT Tiara Wacana, 2004.
Abu Nashr, Alfarabi. Ara’ Ahl Madinah Alfadhilah. Beirut: Maktabah Alhilal, 1995.
Alfarabi. Fushul Muntaza’ah, Tahqiq Fauzi Mitri Najjar. II. Beirut, Libanon,: Dar Almasyriq, 1993.
———. Kitab Alsiyasah Almadaniyah, Tahqiq Oleh Fauzi Mitri Najjar. II. Beirut: Dar Almasyriq, 1993.
Alon, Ilai. “Farabi’s Funny Flora Alnawabit as “opposition.” Arabica XXXVII, 1990.
Bertens, Kees. Sejarah Filsafat Yunani: dari Thales Ke Aristoteles. III. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1981.
Marhaba, Muhammad Abdurrahman. Min Alfalsafat Alyunaniyah ila Alfalsafat Alislamiyah. Beirut: Libanon: Uwaidat li Annasyr waAtthiba’ah, 2000.
Walzer, Richard. Platonism in Islamic Philosophy”, Greek into Arabic: Essays on Islamic Philosophy. London: Bruno Cassirer, 1962.
Article StatisticAbstract view : 241 times
PDF views : 1578 times
The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader).
If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs.
Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link above.
How To Cite This :
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.