التفسير العقلاني للقرآن: موقف أحمد خان من التفسير بالرأي
Qur’anic interpretation or exegesis with a rational style usually led to controversy, because it gives a large portion for the mind to explore the scripture interpretation realm. Nevertheless, a rational style of interpretation is required to open the horizon of Qur’anic exegesis, especially with regard to kauniyah verses (evidences of the universe). But it must be kept under the rules of interpretation that have been formulated and agreed by the mufassireen (Qur’an interpreters).
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, one of the reformist thinkers of India, also gave a large portion of the Qur'anic interpretation. According to him, the Qur'an is to be understood by reason. Khan also gave a wide ratio of freedom in interpreting and understanding the Qur'an.
Based on Khan's works, this paper finds that Khan has not paid much attention to the ʿIlm al-Kalām (Islamic scholastic theology) in his style of Qur’anic exegesis. He only mentioned it briefly; the properties of God, the Throne ('Arsy), seeing God in the afterlife. This is because Khan prefers to reform the concept of Classical ʿIlm al-Kalām and the renewal of ʿIlm al-Kalām. Khan is very well-known to have a strong preference towards Greek philosophy.
The kauniyah verses, according to Khan must be interpreted and viewed from the framework of modern science, because, according to Khan, it is a necessity and the answer to the challenge that Islam and the Qur'an are the teachings which are Shalihun likulli zaman wa makan, for it must always be in line with the development of science.
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan; Tafsir bi al ra'yi; ʿIlm al-Kalām
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