Refining the Traditional and the Modern: A Literary Study of Indonesian Sufism and Neo-Sufism from Pesantren
Scholars have predicted that Sufism and other forms of traditional Islamic practices would disappear as modernity comes into society. Considering this view on religion and the modern, based on the literary study, this paper examines the historical development of Islam, Sufism and pesantren in Indonesia, or previously known as Nusantara. Sufi preachers, known as walisongo, brought Islam to Indonesia and, in a very short of time, brought most of Indonesians into voluntary conversions. After walisongo, Indonesian ulama carried the dakwah Islamiyah through different Sufi networks and pesantrens. In the modern era, Sufism and other means of traditional practices face the challenges of disappearance and then transform themselves into neo-Sufism. The discussions in this paper show how Sufism, through its various ways, mingle with the different era in Indonesia and reshape the meaning of the traditional and the modern in Indonesia.
Islam Indonesia, Sufism, pesantren,
Bruinessen, M. van., & Howell, J. D. (2007). Sufism and the “Modern” in Islam. U.K. I.B. Tauris. Retrieved from http://handle.uws.edu.au:8081/1959.7/510284
Bruinessen, M. van, Marschall, W., & Studies, E. C. on I. and M. (1994). Pesantren and kitab kuning : continuity and change in a tradition of religious learning. Texts from the Islands : Oral and Written Traditions of Indonesia and the Malay World, 121–145.
Casanova, J. (2007). Rethinking secularization: A global comparative perspective. In Religion, globalization, and culture (pp. 101–120). Brill.
Dhofier, Z. (2011). The pesantren tradition : the role of the Kyai in the maintenance of traditional Islam in Java. Tempe, Ariz.: Monograph Series Press, Program for Southeast Asian Studies, Arizona State University.
Khuluq, L. (2000). Hasyim Asy’ari religious thought and political activities (1871-1947). Ciputat, Jakarta: Logos.
Kuswanto, T. A. (2007). Jalan Sufi Nurcholish Madjid : neo sufisme. Papringan, Yogyakarta: Pilar Media. Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books?id=KVPYAAAAMAAJ
Laffan, M. F. (2011). The makings of Indonesian Islam : orientalism and the narration of a Sufi past.
Rosnani Hashim. (2010). Reclaiming the conversation : Islamic intellectual tradition in the Malay Archipelago. Kuala Lumpur: The Other Press.
Wieringa, S. E. (2006). Islamization in Indonesia : women activists’ discourses. Signs : Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 32(1), 1–8.
How To Cite This :
Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.