The Unholy Alliance of Islamic Populism and Political Entrepeneur in Jakarta Election: The Aftermath Implications

Wahyudi Akmaliah(1*),Ibnu Nadzir(2)
(1) Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)
(2) Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.22515/dinika.v6i1.3366

Abstract

In the early years of Reform Era, Islam in Indonesia was portrayed as the representation of moderate Islam. While some scholars argue that Islam in Indonesia has strong ties with religious commodification, Indonesia also often presented as the best practice where Islam could work with democracy. At that time, even Islamist groups were never really considered as a real threat to Indonesian democracy, mainly because their activities were mostly described as fragmented and sporadic. In that context, the Jakarta election brings new dynamic as part of the discussion on Islamization in Indonesia after the fall of the New Order. The blasphemy case of Ahok has become a trigger for a series of demonstration that illustrates the strength of political Islam ideology in shaping current Indonesian public sphere. To discuss these recent developments the article revisits the discourse of Islamization in Indonesia. We argue that intertwine between commodification of religious symbols, the use of new media, and political interest serves as the background of the unholy alliances between religious elites and political entrepreneurs in Jakarta election. As a consequence, the event of the Jakarta election has become a critical juncture where the emergence of Islamic populism has threatened both the notion of Indonesian democracy and the existence of moderate Moslem as well. 

Keywords


Islamic populism, Jakarta election, Islamization, blasphemy

References


Akmaliah, Wahyudi and Khelmy K. Pribadi. 2013. “Anak Muda, Radikalisme, dan Budaya Populer”, Jurnal Maarif, Vol. 8 No. 1-Juli.

Akmaliah, Wahyudi. 2016. “Indonesian Muslim Killings: Revisiting the Forgotten Talang Sari Tragedy (1989) and its Impact in Post Authoritarian Regime”, Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies (IJIMS), Postgraduate Program State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga, Vol. 6, No. 1, Indonesia, pp. 1-34.

Appadurai, Arjun. 1996. Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization, United States: University of Minnesota Press.

Assyaukanie, L. 2017. “Unholy alliance: Ultra-conservatism and political pragmatism in

Indonesia, Thinking ASEAN, January.

Bayat, Asef. 2007. Making Islam Democratic: Social Movements and the Post-Islamist Turn, Stanford University Press.

Brauchler, Birgit. 2004. “Islamic Radicalism Online: The Moluccan Mission of the Laskar Jihad in Cyberspace”, The Australian Journal of Anthropology, Vol. 15 (3).

Bruinessen, Martin Van. 2013. Contemporary Developments in Indonesian Islam, Explaining the Conservative Turn, Singapore: ISEAS.

Burhani, Najib. 2013. “Liberal and Conservative Discourses in Muhammadiyah: The Struggle for the Face of Reformist Islam”, in Contemporary Developments in Indonesian Islam, Explaining the Conservative Turn, ed. Martin Van Bruinessen, Singapore: ISEAS.

Burhani, Najib. 2018. “Plural Islam and Contestation of Religious Authority in Indonesia”, in Islam in Southeast Asia: Negotiating Modernity, ed. Noorshahril Saat, Singapore: ISEAS.

Fealy, Greag. 2016. “The Politics of Religious Intolerance in Indonesia”, in Religion, Law and Intolerance in Indonesia, ed. Tim Lindsey and Helen Pausacker, London: Routldge.

Fealy, Greg & Sally White. 2008. Expressing Islam: Religious Life and Politics in Indonesia, Singapore: ISEAS.

George, Cherian. 2016. Hate Spin: The Manufacture of Religious Offense and Its Threat to Democracy, MIT Press.

Hadiz, Vedi R. 2018. “Imagine All the People? Mobilising Islamic Populism for Right-Wing Politics in Indonesia”, Journal of Contemporary Asia, pp. 1-18.

Hadiz, Vedi R. 2016. Islamic Populism in Indonesia and the Middle East (United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Hasan, Noorhaidi. 2009. “The Making of Public Islam: Piety, Agency and Commodification on the Landscape of the Indonesian Public Sphere”, Contemporary Islam, Vol. 3, No.3, pp. 229-250.

Heryanto, Ariel. (2014). Identity and Pleasure: The Politic of Indonesian Screen Culture, Singapore and Japan: NUS Press & Kyoto University Press.

Institute for Policy Analysis and Conflict (IPAC). 2018. “After Ahok: the Islamist Agenda in Indonesia”, 6 April, IPAC Report, 44, pp. 3-4.

Jones, Carla. 2007. “Fashion and Faith in Urban Indonesia”, Fashion Theory Volume 11-Issue 2-3, pp. 211-232.

Lim, Merlyna. (2017). “Freedom to hate: social media, algorithmic enclaves, and the rise of tribal nationalism in Indonesia”, Critical Asian Studies, Vol. 49, No. 3, pp.1-17.

Lim, Merlyna. 2005. Islamic Radicalism and Anti-Americanism in Indonesia: The Role of Internet, East-West Center Washington.

Menchik, Jeremy. 2016. Islam and Democracy in Indonesia: Tolerance without Liberalism, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Mietzner, Marcus & Burhanuddin Muhtadi. 2018. “Explaining the 2016 Islamist Mobilisation in Indonesia: Religious Intolerance, Militant Groups and the Politics of Accommodation”, Asian Studies Review, pp. 1-19.

Nilan, Pam. 2006. “The Reflexive Youth Culture of Devout Muslim Youth in Indonesia”, in Global Youth?: Hybrid Identities, Plural Worlds, ed. by Pam Nilan and C. Feixa, London: Routledge.

Rakhmani, Inaya. 2016. Mainstreaming Islam in Indonesia: Television, Identity, the Middle Class, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ricklefs, MC. 2012. Islamisation and Its Opponents in Java: A Political, Social, Cultural and Religious History, c. 1930 to Present, Singpore: NUS Press.

Schneider, Mark and Paul Teske. 1992. “Toward A Theory of the Political Entrepreneur: Evidence from Local Government, The American Political Science Review, Vol. 86, No. 3, Sep. pp. 737-747.

Smith-Hefner, Nancy. 2007. “Javanese Women and the Veil in Post-Soeharto Indonesia”, The Journal of Asian Studies 66, 2 May, pp. 389-420.

Internet Sources

https://news.detik.com/berita/3335516/ini-pidato-lengkap-sby-tentang-demo-4-november-dan-kondisi-terkini. Accessed on 21.8.2018.

https://kumparan.com/@kumparannews/prabowo-terima-kasih-habib-rizieq. Accessed on 21.8. 2018.

https://tirto.id/saya-tidak-mengkapitalisasi-sentimen-sara-cso6. Accessed on 21.8. 2018.

https://kumparan.com/@kumparannews/sby-saya-difitnah-mendanai-aksi-damai-212. Accessed on 20.8.2018.

https://geotimes.co.id/tamasya-al-maidah-teror-politik-berkedok-tamasya-agama/. Accessed on 17.7. 2017.

http://indonesiaatmelbourne.unimelb.edu.au/bigger-than-ahok-explaining-jakartas-2-december-mass-rally/. Accessed on 19.2. 2017.

http://www.carnegiecouncil.org/studio/multimedia/20161219/index.html. Accessed on 19.2.2017.

http://indoprogress.com/2017/01/menguatnya-populisme-trump-brexit-hingga-fpi/#_edn12. Accessed on 19.2.2017.

http://indonesiaatmelbourne.unimelb.edu.au/will-religion-influence-voters-choices-in-the-jakarta-election-on-15-february/. Accessed on 8.8.2018.

http://www.newmandala.org/jakarta-inequality-poverty-elite-pluralism/. Accessed on 19.8. 2018.

http://www.newmandala.org/nadhlatul-ulama-home-hardliners/. Accessed on 29.8.2018.


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 549 times
PDF views : 18 times

Dimensions Metrics

Article History

Submited : 29 January 2021
Published : 25 June 2021

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.