THE TRADITION OF EARLY AZAN BEYOND THE FASTING OF RAMADAN IN INDONESIA

usman usman

Abstract


The Azan is an important thing for Muslims as an Islamic ritual that marks the time of Salah, Islamic prayer. Besides being a marker of the time of Salah, it is as well as a marker time of fajr or dawn in the fasting of Ramadan. The Azan is known as an Early Azan which is done before the Azan time of Dawn Prayer. The Early Azan became a reminder to the Muslims who want to do night prayer and pre-dawn meal (meal between midnight and dawn during the fasting of Ramadan). In some parts of Indonesia, this Early Azan has routinely reverberated beyond the fasting of Ramadan. Among the people of Indonesia, the Early Azan beyond the Ramadan functions to wake up people who have not done early evening prayer and for night prayer at the end of the night. Of course, not all Islamic societies are familiar with Early Azan in the fasting of Ramadan. The question is, has it existed since the era of the Prophet Muhammad? so that it sourced from Hadith of the Prophet or the result of Ijtihad which then becomes a tradition for Muslims in Indonesia.


Full Text:

PDF

References


al-‘Awaisyah, Husain bin ‘Audah. Ensiklopedi Fikih Praktis, translated by Abu Ihsan al-Atsari et al. Jakarta: Pustaka Imam Asy-syafi’i, 2008.

al-Albani, Muhammad Nashiruddin. Shahih Sunan Abu Daud, translated by Tajuddin Arief et al. Jakarta: Pustaka Azzam, 2002.

Aminuddin. Semantik: Pengantar Studi Tentang Makna. Bandung: Sinar Baru Algensindo, 2008.

al-Asqalani, Ahmad bin Ali bin Hajar. Fath} al-Ba>ri>, Vol. II. Qahirah: al-Maktabah al-Taufiqiyyah, 2012.

al-Bassam, Abdullah. Taisi>r al-‘Ula>m: Syarh} ‘Umdah al- Ah}ka>m. Makkah: Maktabah al-Asadi.

al-Bukhari, Imam Abi Abdillah Muhammad bin Ismail. S{ah}i>h al-Bukha>ri>. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 2005.

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2013.

al-Dimasyqiy, Taqiyuddin Abu Bakr bin Muhammad al-Husainy, Kifa>yah al-Akhya>r fi> H{illi Gha>yah al-Ikhtis}a>r (Beirut: Muassasah Al-Risalah, 1427 H/2006 M.

al-Faifi, Sulaiman Ahmad Yahya. Ringkasan Fiqh Sunnah Sayyid Sabiq, translated by Ahmad Tirmidz et al. Jakarta: Pustaka Al-Kautsar, 2013.

al-Farran, Ahmad Musthafa. Tafsir Imam Syafi’i. Jakarta: Almahira, 2008.

Ibn Abdul Malik, Ibn Bathol al-Hasan Ali bin Khalaf. Syarh} S{ah}i>h al-Bukha>ri li Ibn Bat}al, Juz 2. Riyad: Maktabah al-Rusydi, 2003.

Ibn Majah, Abu Abdullah. Sunan Ibn Ma>jah. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 2009.

al-Jazairi, Abu Bakar Jabir. Ensiklopedi Muslim, translated by Fadli Bahri. Jakarta: Darul Falah, 2006.

Kridalaksana, Harimurti. Kamus Linguistik. Jakarta: Gramedia, 1982

al-Maraghi, Ahmad Mustafa. Tafsir Al-Maraghi, translated by Hery Noer Aly et al. Semarang: CV. Toha Putra Semarang, 1992.

Mughniyah, Muhammad Jawad. Fikih Imam Ja’far Shadiq, translated by Syamsuri Rifa’i et al. Jakarta: Lentera, 1995.

Mughniyah, Muhammad Jawad. Fikih Lima Mazhab, translated by Masykur A.B et al. Jakarta: Lentera, 2008.

Parera, D. Teori Semantik. Jakarta: Erlangga, 2002.

Sabiq, Sayyid. Fikih Sunnah 1, translated by Kamaluddin A. Marzuki et al. Bandung: PT Alma'arif. 1974.

Shihab, Quraish. Tafsir al-Mishbah, Vol. 2 and 3. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2004.

al-Sijistani, Abu Daud Sulaiman bin Asy’ats. Sunan Abi> Da>wu>d, Juz I. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 2011.

al-Suyuti, Jalaluddin. Sunan al-Nasa>’i>. Qahirah: al-Quddus, 2012.

al-Syarbini, Syamsuddin Muhammad bin Muhammad al-Khatib Al-Iqna>’ fi> H{illi Alfa>zi Abi> Syujja>’, Vol. 1. Mesir: Al-Maktabah Al-Taufiqiyyah, n.y.

Tim Penulis IAIN Syarif Hidayatullah. Ensiklopedi Islam Indonesia. Jakarta: Djambatan, 1992.

Tim Penulis. Ensiklopedi Islam. Jakarta: PT. Ichtiar Baru Van Hoeve, 2001.249.

al-Tirmidzi, Abi ‘Isa bin ‘Isa bin Saurah. Sunan al-Tirmizi>. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 2011.

al-Zabidi, Abul Abbas. Himpunan Hadis Sahih Pilihan, translated by Bahrun Abu Bakar and Sofyan Suparman. Bandung: Trigenda Karya, 1995.

Zuhaili, Wahbah. Fikih Imam Syafi’i, translated by Muhammad Afifi. Jakarta: al-Mahira, 2010.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22515/islimus.v3i1.1137

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Indonesian Journal of Islamic Literature and Muslim Society

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Published by:

Postgraduate of State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Surakarta

Jl. Pandawa, Pucangan, Kartasura, Central Java, Indonesia, 57168. Phone: +62271-781516, Website: http://www.iain-surakarta.ac.id/

Creative Commons License https://journal.iain-samarinda.ac.id/public/site/images/umarfauzan/Crossref_indeks_253.jpg

e-ISSN:2528-1224, p-ISSN:2528-1194