Al-Hazf dalam Penafsiran Al-Qur'an: Telaah Kritis atas Konsep al-Hazf dalam Pemaknaan Ayat

Muhammad Iskandar Zulkarnain

Abstract


This article has discussed the application of al-hazf theory in the Exegesis of Qur'an. The fundamental problem of this article is the lack of a study of the significance and the role of al-hazf theory in interpreting the meaning of the Qur'an. The existence of this theory is generally used only to display the types and the samples of al-hazf, without discussion of the role of this theory in interpreting the verses. The results of this study indicate that the significance and the role of al-hazf theory in interpreting the meaning of Qur'anic verses lie in the use of taqdir  (estimated words) in certain spaces so that problematic verses literally can be understood. In addition, the al-hazf  theory also plays a role in interpreting meaning beyond the absence of the word when the Qur'anic verses do not mention it. This role proves the accuracy of the Qur'an that the meaning of "what is mentioned" and "what is not mentioned" in the text reinforce each other. The Qur'anic texts are concise and solid. This makes the difficult texts of Qur'an can understand. Therefore, the al-hazf theory is used to generate significant understanding in the aspects of structure and meaning of Qur’an.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abu Sadi, Mustafa ‘Abd al-Salam Muhammad, al-Hazf al-Balagi fi al-Qur’an al-Karim, Kairo: Maktabah al-Qur’an, 1991.

Ahmadi, Habibullah, Ahsan Al-Hadits: Analisis Tekstual Ulumul Qur’an, Jakarta: Sadra Press, 2011.

Ali Subhi, Ali, “Nazhariyyah al-Jalal: Mukjizat Bahasa Al-Qur’an Sepanjang Masa”, interview dengan Profesor Ali Ali Subhi, Jurnal Studi Al-Qur’an, vol. II, No. 2, Jakarta: Pusat Studi al-Qur’an PSQ, 2007.

Al-Anbari, Kamal al-Din Abi al-Barakat ‘Abd al-Rahman bin Muhammad bin Abi Sa‘id, al-Insaf fi Masa’il al-Khilaf baina al-Nahwiyyin: al-Basariyyin wa al-Kufiyyin, t.tp.: Matba‘ah al-Sa‘adah, 1961.

Al-Andalusi, Abu Hayyan, Tafsir al-Bahr al-Muhit, ed. ‘Adil Ahmad ‘Abd al-Maujud dan ‘Ali Muhammad Mu‘awwad, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1993.

Al-Ansari, Ibn Hisyam, Mugni al-Labib ‘an Kutub al-A‘arib, ed. Abd al-Latif Muhammad al-Khatib, jilid VI (Kuwait: al-Turas al-‘Arabi, t.th.

Al-Baidawi, Nasir al-Din Abi Sa‘id ‘Abdillah bin ‘Umar bin Muhammad al-Syirazi, Anwar al-Tanzil wa Asrar al-Ta’wil, ed. Muhamad Suhi bin Hasan Hallaq dan Mahmud Ahmad al-Atrasy, Beirut: Dar al-Rasyid, 2000.

Al-Baqilani, Abu Bakar Muhammad bin al-Tayyib, I’jaz al-Qur’an, ed. Ahmad Saqr, Kairo: Dar al-Ma‘arif, 1954.

Al-Darwisy, Muhyi al-Din, I‘rab al-Qur’an al-Karim wa Bayanuhu, Damaskus: Dar Ibn Kasir, 1999.

Al-Farahaidi, al-Khalil bin Ahmad, Kitab al-Jumal fi al-Nahwi, ed. Fakhr al-Din Qabadah, Beirut: Mu’assasah al-Risalah, 1958.

Al-Jurjani, ‘Abd al-Qahir bin Abdi al-Rahman bin Muhammad, Kitab Dalail al-I’jaz, ed. Mahmud Muhammad Syakir, Kairo: Maktabah al-Khaniji, 2004.

Al-Qurtubi, Ibnu Muda’ Abu al-‘Abbas Ahmad bin ‘Abd al-Rahman, al-Raddu ‘ala al-Nuhah, ed. Muhammad Ibrahim al-Bana, t.tp.: Dar al-I’tisam, 1979.

Al-Rumani, ‘Ali bin ‘Isa, al-Hudud fi al-Nahwi, ed. Mustafa Jawad, Bagdad: t.pn., 1969.

Al-Sabt, Khalid bin ‘Usman, Qawa‘id al-Tafsir Jam‘an wa Dirasatan, Madinah: Dar Ibn ‘Affan, t.th.

Al-Salami al-Syafi‘i, ‘Izzuddin ‘Abd al-‘Aziz bin ‘Abd al-Salam, Majaz al-Qur’an, ed. Mustafa Muhammad Husain al-Z|ahabi, London: Mu’assasah al-Furqan li al-Turas al-Islami Al-Furqan Islamic Herritage Foundation, 1999.

Al-Suyti, Jalal al-Din, al-Itqan fi ‘Ulum al-Qur’an, ed. Muhammad Mutawali Mansur, Mesir: Maktabah Dar al-Turas, 2010.

Al-Syamari, ‘Ali ‘Abd al-Fattah Muhyi, “Dalalah al-Iktifa’ fi al-Jumlah al-Qur’aniyyah: Dirasah Naqdiyyah li al-Qaul bi al-Hazf wa al-Taqdir”, Disertasi Fakultas Tarbiah, Universitas Baghdad, 2006.

Al-Zamakhsyari, Abu al-Qasim Mahmud bin ‘Umar, al-Kasysyaf ‘an Haqaiq Gawamid al-Tanzil wa ‘Uyun al-Aqawil fi Wujuh al-Ta’wil, ed.

Arifin, Modul Teori dan Aplikasi Analisis Wacana, Singaraja: UNDIKSHA Pascasarjana Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa, 2012

As-Sa‘di, ‘Abd al-Rahman bin Nasir bin ‘Abdullah, al-Qawa‘id al-Hisan li Tafsir al-Qur’an, Riyadh: Maktabah al-Rusyd, 1999.

Atabik, Ahmad, “Teori Kebenaran Perspektif Filsafat Ilmu: Sebuah Kerangka untuk Memahami Konstruksi Pengetahuan Agama”, Jurnal Fikrah Vol. 2, No. 1, Kudus: STAIN Kudus, 2014.

Aziz, Erwati, Musykil Al-Qur’an: Kajian Metodologis Penafsiran Ayat-ayat yang Tampak Kontradiktif tentang Peperangan dan Perkawinan, Yogyakarta: Intan Cendekia, 2010.

Aziz, Nashruddin Baidan dan Erwati, Tafsir Kontemporer Surat Yasin, Solo: Tiga Serangkai, 2009.

Bahtiar, Azam, “al-Hazf atau al-Ijaz: Telaah Kritis atas Konsep Elipsis dalam Kesarjanaan Islam”, Jurnal Studi Ilmu-ilmu al-Qur’an dan Hadis, vol. 13 no. 1, Yogyakarta: Jurusan Tafsir Hadis Fakultas Ushuluddin UIN Sunan Kalijaga, 2012.

Baidan, Nashruddin, Wawasan Baru Ilmu Tafsir, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2011.

Feinberg, Daniel E., “Critical Thinking or Learning to Copy Information Correctly”, Tesis Universitas Toledo, 2012.

Fakhr al-Din, Muhammad al-Razi, Mafatih al-Gaib, Libanon: Dar al-Fikr: 1981.

Fina, Lien Iffah Naf’atu, “Membaca Metode Penafsiran al-Qur’an Kontemporer di Kalangan Sarjana Barat: Analisis Pemikiran Angelika Neuwirth”, Ulumuna: Jurnal Studi Keislaman, Vol. 18 No. 2, NTB: IAIN Mataram, 2014.

Hamid, M. Abdul, “Perdebatan Nahwu Aliran Basrah dan Kufah dalam Konteks Sosial-Budaya dan Implikasinya dalam Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab”, Laporan penelitian dalam E-Journal, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, 2011.

Ibrahim bin al-Sari, Al-Zajjaj Abi Ishaq, Ma‘ani al-Qur’an wa I‘rabuhu, ed. ‘Abd al-Jalil, Beirut: ‘[email protected] al-Kutub, 1988.

Ichwan, Mohammad Nor, Memahami Bahasa al-Qur’an: Refleksi atas Persoalan Linguistik, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2002.

Irawan, Meilia, “Elipsis Frasa Bahasa Arab pada al-Ma’tsurat Sughra: Analisis Sintak-Semantik”, Skripsi Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya Universitas indonesia, 2012.

Izzan, Ahmad, Ulumul Qur’an: Telaah Tekstualitas dan Kontekstualitas Al-Qur’an, Bandung: Tafakur: 2011.

Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Pusat Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008.

Khaluf, Mustafa Syahir, Uslub al-Hazf fi al-Qur’an al-Karim wa Asaruhu fi al-Ma‘ani wa al-I‘jaz, Dar al-Fikr: 2009.

Machfuzhi, Abi Fatih, Intisari Ilmu Balaghah, Yogyakarta: Aura Pustaka, 2014.

Mahmud, Mursyid Said Ahmad, al-Hazf wa al-Taqdir fi al-Qur’an al-Karim, Disertasi Universitas Islam Bahawul Bur, 1990.

Manzur, Ibnu, Lisan al-‘Arab, Kairo: Dar al-Ma‘arif, t.th.

Miswan, “Strategi Penelusuran Informasi Ilmiah Online”, Semarang: UPT Pusat Perpustakaan IAIN Walisongo, 2014.

Mundiri, Logika, Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, 2006.

Qasim, Badr al-Din Abu Muhammad al-Hasan bin, Taudih al-Maqasid wa al-Masalik bi Syarh Alfiyyah Ibn Malik, ed. ‘Abd al-Rahman ‘Ali Sulaiman, Mesir: Dar al-Fikr al-‘Arabi, 2001.

Partanto, Pius A., Kamus Ilmiah Populer, Surabaya: Arkola, 1994.

Putra, Heddy Shri Ahimsa, “Paradigma Ilmu Sosial-Budaya: Sebuah Pandangan”, Antropologi Budaya, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Gadjah Mada. Makalah Kuliah Umum “Paradigma Penelitian Ilmu-ilmu Humaniora”, Program Studi Linguistik Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung 7 Desember 2009.

Qutaibah, Abi Muhammad ‘Abdillah bin Muslim bin, Ta’wil Musykil al-Qur’an, ed. Ahmad Saqr, Kairo: Dar al-Turas, 1973.

Setiawan, M. Nur Kholis, Akar-akar Pemikiran Progresif dalam Kajian Al-Qur’an, Yogyakarta: Elsaq Press, 2008.

_____________, “Al-Qur’an dalam Kesarjanaan Klasik dan Kontemporer: Keniscayaan Geisteswissenschaften”, Jurnal Studi Al-Qur’an, vol. 1 no. 1. Jakarta: Pusat Studi al-Qur’an (PSQ), 2006.

Suriasumantri, Jujun S. “Penelitian Ilmiah, Kefilsafatan dan Keagamaan: Mencari Paradigma Kebersamaan”, dalam Mastuhu dan M. Deden Ridwan (ed.), Tradisi Baru Penelitian Islam: Tinjauan Antardisiplin Ilmu, Bandung: Penerbit Nuansa, 2001.

Shihab, M. Quraish, Kaidah Tafsir: Syarat, Ketentuan, dan Aturan yang Patut Anda Ketahui dalam Memahami Ayat-ayat al-Qur’an, Jakarta: Penerbit Lentera Hati, 2013.

_____________, Tafsir al-Misbah: Pesan, Kesan, dan Keserasian al-Qur’an, Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2002.

Tim Penulis Departemen Agama RI, Al-Qur’an dan Terjemah Bahasa Indonesia, Mushaf Madinah, 1990.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22515/islimus.v2i1.819

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Indonesian Journal of Islamic Literature and Muslim Society

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Published by:

Postgraduate of State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Surakarta

Jl. Pandawa, Pucangan, Kartasura, Central Java, Indonesia, 57168. Phone: +62271-781516, Website: http://www.iain-surakarta.ac.id/

Creative Commons License

e-ISSN:2528-1224, p-ISSN:2528-1194