AUDREY TURNER’S CONFLICTS AND DEFENSE MECHANISMS IN KINSELLA’S 'FINDING AUDREY' | Nugroho | LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra

AUDREY TURNER’S CONFLICTS AND DEFENSE MECHANISMS IN KINSELLA’S 'FINDING AUDREY'

M. Aprianto Budie Nugroho(1*), Sely Viladinia(2)
(1) Prodi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, FKIP, Universitas Kuningan
(2) Universitas Kuningan
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.22515/ljbs.v3i1.1146

Abstract

A story becomes interesting because of the existence of the characters’ conflicts. This research objectives were to investigate the conflicts and defense mechanisms in Audrey Turner, the main character of Finding Audrey novel written by Sophie Kinsella. This research was conducted in qualitative method by using narrative research design. The collected data were identified, categorized, and analyzed based on literature and psychology perspectives of Islam’s (2016) theory and defense mechanisms by Cramer (2006). The findings show that person vs him/herself as the internal conflict is found 52 times (67.5%). The first external conflict found is person vs person which appears 23 times (29.9%) It is followed by person vs society and person vs nature conflicts, each of which appears once only (1.3%). Three kinds of defense mechanisms are found as well. The denial defense mechanisms are found 72 times (54.1%) whereas projection and identification are each found as many as 48 times (36.1%) and 13 times (9.8%). It means that  Audrey, as the main character, mostly faces conflicts against her own self and feels of fears affected from her anxiety disorder and people around her. To deal with her conflicts, Audrey mostly uses denial as a defense mechanism to protect herself.

Keywords


conflict, defense mechanisms, anxiety, disorder

References


Creswell, JW. 2011. Educational Research: Planning, Conducting and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research (4th ed.). Boston: Addison-Wesley

Cramer, P. 2006. Protecting the Self: Defense Mechanismss in Action. New York: The Guilford Press

Cuddon, JA. (2013). A Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory (5th ed.). New Jersey: Wiley Blackwell

Dawson, C. 2007. A Practical Guide to Research Methods (3rd ed.). Oxford: How To Content

Kinsella, S. 2015. Finding Audrey (1st ed.). New York: Delacorte Press

Islam, AF. 2016. A Guide for the Understanding of Basic Literature: Introduction to Literature. Malang: Intrans Publishing Group

McCarthy, T. 1999. Teaching Literary Elements: Easy Strategies and Activities to Help Kids Explore and Enrich Their Experiences with Literature (Grades 4-8). New York: Scholastic

McKeon, M. 2000. Theory of the Novel: A Historical Approach. Maryland: The John Hopkins University Press.

Selden, R, P Widdowson & P Brooker. 2005. A Reader’s Guide to Contemporary Literary Theory (5th ed.). Harlow: Pearson Education Limited

Stevens, HH. 2008. Psychological Approaches to Generalized Anxiety Disorder: A Clinician's Guide to Assessment and Treatment. New York: Springer

Suryabrata, S. 2015. Psikologi Kepribadian. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers

White, C. 2015. Shopaholic's Sophie Kinsella on her YA Debut Finding Audrey: Anxiety and Hilarious Generational Gaps. Retrieved from

Zeidner, M & G Matthews. 2011. Anxiety 101. New York: Springer Publishing Company


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 10 times
PDF views : 19 times

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.