DISFLUENCIES IN STAND-UP COMEDY: A PSYCHOLINGUISTIC ANALYSIS ON DREW LYNCH'S STUTTERING
Difficulties of producing speech sound in stutterers are indicated by the repetition, pause, prolongation, revision, and filled pause on the speaking. However, such difficulties do not hinder the communication as shown in the speech of a stand-up comedian named Drew Lynch. This study aims at exploring the types of fluency disorder identified in Lynch’s utterances on stage. This study uses the descriptive qualitative method employed through the process of observing, transcribing, describing, and analyzing his utterances in American Got Talent videos. The result shows Lynch produces all kinds of disfluency covering filled pause, phrase repetition, revision, multisyllabic whole-word repetition, monosyllabic whole-word repetition, repetition of individual sound or syllable, prolongation of sound, and block. The monosyllabic whole-word repetition is more dominant. The combination happens between revision with monosyllabic whole-word repetition, prolongation, or multisyllabic whole-word repetition. These findings confirm that in the context of stand-up comedy, the disfluencies in stuttering do not hamper the transfer of meaning.
American Speech-Language Hearing Associations (ASHA). 2017. Stuttering. https://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/stuttering.htm
Aronson, AE & DM Bless. 2009. Clinical Voice Disorders. New York: Thime Medical Publisher, Inc.
Birth Injury Guide. 2017. Speech Pathology for Infant. https://www.birthinjuryguide.org/ birth-injury/treatment/speech-pathology/
British Stammering Association. 2017. What Causes Stammering. https://www. stammering.org/earlyyears/learn-more-about-stammering/what-causes-stammering
Choo, AL & S Smith. 2019. “Bilingual Children Who Stutter: Convergence, Gaps and Directions for Research. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 105741
Cincinnati Children’s. 2018. Speech Disorders. https://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/ health/s/speech-disorder#contentmaster_1_pagemaincontent_1_columnprimary_1 _rptAccordion_pnlSectionBody_0
CLSD. 2018. Articulation and Phonological Disorders (Speech Sound Disorders). https://csld.org/articulation-and-phonological-disorders-speech-sound-disorders
Communication Disorder Clinic. University of Central Florida. 2018. Fluency Disorders. https://www.cohpa.ucf.edu/clinic/comprehensive-evaluation/fluency-disorders/
Constantino, CD, WH Manning & SN Nordstrom. 2017. “Rethinking Covert Stuttering”. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 53: 26-40
Fraser, M. 2007. Self-Therapy for the Stutter. Tennessee: Stuttering Foundation of America
Indah, RN. 2017. Gangguan Berbahasa: Kajian Pengantar. Malang: UIN Malang Press
Lanier, W. 2010. Speech Disorders. Farming Hills: Lucent Books
Lavid, N. 2003. Understanding Stuttering. New York: University Press of Mississippi.
Manning, Walter H. 2009. Clinical Decision Making in Fluency Disorder. Tennessee: The University of Memphis
Nugraha, ASN. 2012. A Psycholinguistics Analysis on a Stuttering Character in Rocket Science (Unpublished Thesis). Yogyakarta: Yogyakarta State University
Sari, DI. 2014. Stuttering Portrayed in The King Speech Movie (Unpublished Thesis). Malang: State University of Malang
Sasisekaran, J & Weathers, E. 2019. “Disfluencies and Phonological Revisions in a Nonword Repetition Task in School-age Children Who Stutter." Journal of Communication Disorders, 105917
Schultz, T, M Wand, T Hueber, DJ Krusienski, C
Herff & JS Brumberg. 2017. “Biosignal-based Spoken Communication: A Survey”. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, 25: 2257-2271
Seth, D & S Maruthy. 2019. “Effect of Phonological and Morphological Factors on Speech Disfluencies of Canada Speaking Preschool Children Who Stutter”. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 61: 105707
Sleeper, AA. 2007. Speech and Language. New York: Infobase Publishing
Ward, D. 2006. Stuttering and Cluttering: Frameworks for Understanding and Treatment. New York: Psychology Press
Zebrowski, PM. 2003. “Developmental Stuttering”. Pediatric Annals, 32 (7): 453-458
Article StatisticAbstract view : 35 times
PDF views : 27 times
How To Cite This :
- There are currently no refbacks.