HUMAN-NATURE RELATIONSHIP IN SALIH'S 'A HANDFUL OF DATES' SHORT STORY AND LEE'S 'PERSIMMONS' POEM | Fakhrunnisa | LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra

HUMAN-NATURE RELATIONSHIP IN SALIH'S 'A HANDFUL OF DATES' SHORT STORY AND LEE'S 'PERSIMMONS' POEM

Fakhrunnisa Fakhrunnisa(1*)
(1) Sanata Dharma University
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.22515/ljbs.v5i2.2338

Abstract

This study aims to examine human-nature relationships presented in the characters from the short story A Handful of Dates by Tayeb Salih and Persimmons by Li Young Lee.In analyzing the texts, this study usesKellert’stypology of values on nature to examine the characters in revealing human-nature relationships.This study was conducted by: (1) analyzing the characters based on a typology of nine values of nature; (2) identifying the human-nature relationship reflected by characters; (3) drawing conclusions concerning with human-nature relationships found in both the text. This study finds out that the characters in both texts are utilitarian, moralistic, humanistic, ecologistical-scientific, symbolic, dominionistic, negativistic, and aesthetic. The characters who are moralistic, humanistic, and ecologistical-scientific perform positive human-nature relationship with nature and the characters who are utilitarian, dominionistic, and negativistic perform negative actions againts  nature.

Keywords


ecocriticism, nature, human, relationships

References


Ambrosius, W. 2005. “Deep Ecology: A Debate on The Role of Humans in the Environment”. University of Wisconsin Journal of Research VIII. http://www.uwlax. edu/urc/jur-online/pdf/2005/ambrosius.pdf

Apriati, T. 2013. An Analysis of Human-Nature Relationship in Children’s Book Julie by Jean Craighead George: An Ecocritical Study (Thesis). Yogyakarta: Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Barry, Peter. 2009. Beginning Theory: An Introduction to Literary and Cultural Theory. Manchester: Manchester University Press

Buell, Lawrence. 2005. The Future of Environmental Criticism: Environmental Crisis and Literary Imagination. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Cunningham, William P, Mary Ann Cunningham & Barbara Woodsworth. 2007.

Environmental Science, A Global Concern Ninth Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill

Garrard, Greg. 2004. Ecocriticism. London: Routledge

Glotfelty, Cheryll & Harold Fromm. 1996. The Ecocriticism Reader: Landmark's in Literary Ecology. London: University of Georgia Press

Kahn, PH. 1999. The Human Relationship with Nature: Development and Culture. MIT Press

Kaplan, R & S. Kaplan. 1989. The Experience of Nature: A Psychological Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Archive

Kellert, Stephen R and Edward O. Wilson. 1993. The Biophilia Hypothesis. Washington DC: Island Press

Khairunnisa Budi, Nirmaa. 2018. “Ecological Crisis in Into the Forest by Jean Heghland”. Litera~Kultura, 6 (2)

Lee, Li Young. 1986. Persimmons. Poetry Foundation. https://www.poetryfoundation. org/poems/43011/persimmons

Salih, Tayeb. 2000. “A Handful of Dates”. In WPA (Ed.), Encounters from Africa: An Anthology of Short Stories. Nairobi: Macmillan Education Kenya

Sessions, George. 1995. Deep Ecology for the 21stCentury. Shambhala Publications Inc.

Susilo, GK. 2018. “The Disharmonious Relationship Between Nature and Humans in HA Swain’s Hungry”. Sastra Inggris-Quill, 7 (1): 1-7


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 32 times
PDF views : 16 times

Dimensions Metrics

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.