Islamic Consolidation in Kazakhstan: Success Story and Challenges of the Future
This article attempts to explain the process of Islamic consolidation in Kazakhstan, a young Muslim-majority state in Central Asia which became independent following the demise of the Soviet Union. Unlike its turbulent regional neighbors, Kazakhstan has virtually been not troubled by the threat of extremists, making its success an interesting case to discuss. There are some aspects which this essay is going to analyze. First, using the consolidation framework, I am going to examine how the rise of Islam is facilitated after the demise of the Soviet Union. Second, I also add another element namely securitization. This paper argues that securitisation is the additional strategy which creates a stable condition of Islamic consolidation in Kazakhstan. This paper concludes with giving some reflections on the future of Islam and the political stability in Kazakhstan.
Aydıngün, Ayşegül. (2010) "Islam as a Symbolic Element of National Identity Used by the Nationalist Ideology in the Nation and State Building Process in Post-soviet Kazakhstan." Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 6.17 (2010): 69-83.
Bogatik, Alexander. (2017) “Kazakhstan Calls for Zero-Tolerance of Radicalism.” Central Asia News.
Brooker, Paul. (2013). Non-democratic regimes. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Diamond, Larry. (2008) The spirit of democracy: The struggle to build free societies throughout the world. London: Macmillan.
Eldebay, Saniya. (2012). “Traditional Kazakh Culture and Islam”. International Journal of Business and Social Science 3(11): 122-133.
Freedom House (2017). Populists and Autocrats: The Dual Threat to Global Democracy.
Fund for Peace (2017). Country Dashboard.
Gleason, Gregory. (1997). "Prospects for Kazakhstan’s Asian Liberalism,“." Democratization 5(3): 376-385.
Gunn, T. Jeremy. (2003). "Shaping an Islamic identity: religion, Islamism, and the state in Central Asia." Sociology of Religion 64(3): 389-410.
Huntington, Samuel P. (1993). "The clash of civilizations?." Foreign affairs: 22-49.
Institute for Economics and Peace. (2016). Global Terrorism Index 2016: Measuring and Understanding the Impact of Terrorism. New York: Institute for Economics and Peace.
Laruelle, Marlene. (2015) "The three discursive paradigms of state identity in Kazakhstan: Kazakhness, Kazakhstanness, and transnationalism." Nationalism and Identity Construction in Central Asia: Dimensions, Dynamics, and Directions: 1-20.
Marshallsay, Zaniah. (2009). "The state and Islam in Kazakhstan and Tajikistan-managing religion in a secular environment." (2009): 1-15.
Omelicheva, Mariya Y. (2011). "Islam in Kazakhstan: a survey of contemporary trends and sources of securitization." Central Asian Survey 30(2): 243-256.
Rapoport, David C., ed. (2006) Terrorism: The fourth or religious wave (Vol. 4). Taylor & Francis.
Rasanayagam, Johan. (2007) Book review of Islam after Communism: Religion and Politics in Central Asia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rashid, Ahmed. (2002). "Jihad: the rise of militant Islam in Central Asia." New Haven.
Utomo, Ario Bimo. (2017). “Radicalism and the Challenge of Stability in Post Nazarbayev Kazakhstan”. Center for Security and Research.
Wæver, O. (2004). Aberystwyth, Paris, Copenhagen. New'schools' in security theory and their origins between core and periphery. In annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Montreal (pp. 17-20).
Walters, Alex. (2017) “Islam in Kazakhstan: Modern and Moderate”. EdgeKZ.
Weber, Max. (1978) Economy and society: An outline of interpretive sociology. Vol. 1. Univ of California Press.
White, Stephen. (1986) "Economic performance and communist legitimacy." World Politics 38(3): 462-482.
Yemelianova, Galina M. (2014) "Islam, national identity and politics in contemporary Kazakhstan." Asian Ethnicity 15(3): 286-301.
Article StatisticAbstract view : 180 times
PDF views : 130 times
The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader).
If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs.
Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link above.
How To Cite This :
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2017 SHAHIH : Journal of Islamicate Multidisciplinary
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.