KESADARAN HERMENEUTIK DALAM MEMBACA TEKS: MODEL IJTIHAD UMAR IBN AL-KHATTAB

Alma`arif Alma`arif(1*)
(1) UIN Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.22515/ajpif.v13i2.304

Abstract

Umar ibn al-Khattab was one of the most controversial caliphs. He was a caliph that was courageous or "disobedient" to the text of Alquran and Sunnah literally. This disobedientside of Umar ibn al-Khattab brought up a serious reaction from the other companions. Toward this context, Umar ibn al-Khattab could be said as the liberal companion, because of his courage to re-interpret the sacred text. From the J.E. Gracias perspective, the way of Umar ibn al-Khattab interpreting the sacred text is a sophisticated reading, considering that at the time he had already been aware of the hermeneutic difference from other companions. This hermeneutic consciousness was able to make Umar bin al-Khattab placing the sacred text as a text that can be reinterpreted in accordance with the certain conditions and its maqasid can be taken. Thus, the sacred text revealed historically, is always sahih li kulli zaman wa makan.

Keywords


Perverted, literal text, understanding, hermeneutic, core of sharia

References


Arabiy, Ibnu. Ahkam Alquran, tahqiq: Muhammad Abd al-Qadir Ata, Ahkam Alquran jilid II, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 2008.

Ash-Shiddieqy, T.M. Hasbi. Syariat Islam Menjawab Tantangan Zaman, Yogyakarta: al-Jamiah Islamiyah al-Hukumiyyah, 1981.

Baik, Al-Khudari. Muhadarat Tarikh al-Umam al-Islamiyyah, Mesir: al-Maktabah al-Nijariyah al-Kubra, 1969.

Bukhari (al) al-Jufi, Al-Imam Abi Abdullah Muhammad bin Ismail bin Ibrahim ibn al-Mughirah bin Bardzabah. Sahih al-Bukhari, tahqiq: Mahmud Muhammad Mahmud Hasan Nasar, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah, 2013.

Hasan, Ibrahim. Sejarah dan Kebudayaan Islam Jilid 2, Cet. 1, Jakarta: Kalam Mulia, 2001.

Husein, Taha. al-Syaikhan, al-Tabah al-Rabiah, Mesir: Dar al-Maarif, 1969.

Jabiri (al), Muhammad Abid. al-Aql al-Siyasi al-Arabi: Muhaddidatuhu wa Tajalliyatuhu , Beirut: Markaz Dirasah al-Wihdah al-Arabiy, 2000.

Mahmasani, Shabhi. Falsafah al-Tasyrii fi al-Islam, Mesir: Dar al-Kasysyaf li al-Nasyr, 1946.

Mawardi (al), al-Ahkam al-Sultaniyah wa al-Wilayah al-Diniyah, Cet. III, Mesir: Mustafa al-Babi al-Halabi, 1973.

Muslim bin al-Hajjaj al-Qusyairi al-Naisaburi, Al-Imam Abi al-Husain. Sahih Muslim Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 2011.

Qalahji, Muhammad Rawas. Mausuatu Fiqh Umar Ibn al-Khattab, Cet. IV, Beirut: Dar al-Nagais, 1989.

Rahman, Fazlur. Islamic Methodology in History, Pakistan: Islamic Research Institute, 1964.

Rida, Rasyid. Alquran al-Hakim, Cet. I, Mesir: Dar al-Mannar, 1367.

Soekanto, Soerjono. Sosiologi Suatu Pengantar, edisi I, Jakarta: Rajawali, 1982.

Syamsuddin, Sahiron. Hermeneutika dan Pengembangan Ulum Alquran, Yogyakarta, Pesantren Nawesea Press, 2009.

The New Encyclopedia Britanica, Jilid III, edisi 15, USA: Chicago, The University of Chicago, 1973-1974.


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 711 times
PDF views : 2795 times

Dimensions Metrics

Article History

Submited : 5 October 2016
Revised : 24 March 2018
Published : 15 November 2016

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.