ANALYSIS OF DAI COMMUNICATION SKILLS TOWARDS MUSLIM CONVERTED KAROMBA COMMUNITY

Arianto Arianto* -  Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia

Da'wah communication skills are needed in preaching to the converts community because the conditions of converts are different from those of Muslims in general. The success of this da'wah can be achieved if converts as the target of preaching carry out the da'wah message conveyed by the preacher. The research objective was to map the preachers' da'wah communication skills to the converts in Karomba, Pinrang district. This study used a qualitative approach and case study methods, so the primary data were in-depth interviews and observations. In addition, this study uses inductive data analysis. The study results indicate that there are three da'wah communication skills applied by the preachers to the converted Muslim community to support the success of da'wah. First, the skills to produce messages, especially messages of faith and morals. Second, the skills to receive and convey messages, mainly using local languages. Third, the skills to interact with the converts community through sharia consultation activities. This research is necessary because the findings of this study can serve as a guide for preachers to increase preaching success, especially preaching to converts.

Keywords : Da’wah Communication Skills; Da'i; Muslim converted

  1. Abdullah, A. A., Muhid, A., & Wahyudi, W. E. (2020). “Humor in Da’wah”: Socio-linguistic Analytic of Kyai Ishaq Latif Da’wah from Pesantren Tebuireng Jombang. Ilmu Dakwah: Academic Journal for Homiletic Studies, 14(2), 211–230. https://doi.org/10.15575/idajhs.v14i2. 9053
  2. Abdullah, Z., Ling, T. Y., Sulaiman, N. S., Radzi, R. A. M., & Putri, K. Y. S. (2020). The Effects Of Verbal Communication Behaviors On Communication Competence In the Pharmaceutical Industry. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(12), 697–703. https://doi.org/10.31838/jcr.07.12.125
  3. Ahsan, A. A. (2019). Existence of Regional Languages in Submission of Islamic Dakwah. IDEAS: Journal of Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature, 7(1), 109–113. https://doi.org/10.24256/ideas.v7i1.727
  4. Akil, M. A. (2015). Online Da’wah (Islamic Missionary Work) Model (A Study on the Use of the Internet as Missionary Media by Muballigh/Muballighah of UIN Alauddin). Journal Of Islam And Science, 02(01), 73–102. https://doi.org/10.24252/jis.v2i1.2169
  5. Avia, M. D., Sánchez-Bernardos, M. L., Sanz, J., Carrillo, J., & Rojo, N. (1998). Self-Presentation Strategies and the Five-Factor Model. Journal Of Research In Personality, 32(1), 108–114. https://doi.org/10.1006/jrpe.1997.2205
  6. Bachtiar, M. A. (2013). Dakwah Kolaboratif: Model Alternatif Komunikasi Islam Kontemporer. Jurnal Komunikasi Islam, 03(01), 152–168. https://doi.org/10.15642/jki.2013.3.1.%25p
  7. Belov, S., Kropachev, N., Latukha, M., Orlova, E., Baeva, E., & Bondar, V. (2018). The Role of Language in the Communication Process Between Business and Government: Evidence from Russian Firms. Journal of East-West Business, 24(4), 481–491. https://doi.org/10.1080/10669868.2018.1463341
  8. Birt, L., Scott, S., Cavers, D., Campbell, C., & Walter, F. (2016). Member Checking: A Tool to Enhance Trustworthiness or Merely a Nod to Validation? Qualitative Health Research, 26(13), 1802–1811. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732316654870
  9. Buhrmester, D., Furman, W., Wittenberg, M. T., & Reis, H. T. (1988). Five Domains of Interpersonal Competence in Peer Relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55(6), 991–1008. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.55.6.991
  10. Burleson, B. R. (1985). The Production of Comforting Messages: Social-Cognitive Foundations. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 4(3–4), 253–273. https://doi.org/10.1177/0261927X8543006
  11. Casmini. (2020). Analysis of Muallaf ‘Aisyiyah Da’wah Strategy Casmini. Ilmu Dakwah: Academic Journal for Homiletic Studies, 14(1), 151–166. https://doi.org/10.15575/idajhs.v14i1.9238
  12. Doyle, S. (2007). Member Checking With Older Women: A Framework for Negotiating Meaning. Health Care for Women International, 28(10), 888–908. https://doi.org/10.1080/07399330701615325 PLEASE
  13. Faizah, & Effendi, L. M. (2018). Psikologi Dakwah. Jakarta: Kencana.
  14. Greene, J. O. (1997). Message Production: Advances In Communication Theory. Milton Park, Abingdon-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, England, UK: Routledge.
  15. Hardjati, S., & Febrianita, R. (2019). The Power Of Interpersonal Communication Skill In Enhancing Service Provision. Journal of Social Science Research, 14, 3192–3199.
  16. Hargie, O. (2006). The Handbook of Communication Skills (3rd Ed). Milton Park, Abingdon-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, England, UK: Routledge.
  17. Hariyanto. (2017). Komunikasi Persuasif Da’i Dalam Pembinaan Keagamaan Narapidana (Studi pada Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Wanita Kelas II A Bandar Lampung). Jurnal Ilmu Dakwah, 37(2), 181–197. https://doi.org/10.21580/jid.v37.2.2704
  18. Hartono, R. (2016). Pola Komunikasi Di Pesantren: Studi tentang Model Komunikasi antara Kiai, Ustadz, dan Santri di Pondok Pesantren TMI Al-Amien Prenduan. Al-Balagh : Jurnal Dakwah Dan Komunikasi, 1(1), 67–100. https://doi.org/10.22515/balagh.v1i1.60
  19. Heale, R., & Forbes, D. (2013). Understanding Triangulation in Research. Evid Based Nurs, 16, 98. https://doi.org/10.1136/eb-2013-101494
  20. Ismail, N., Makhsin, M., Rahim, S. I. A., & Ghani, B. A. (2020). Interpersonal Communication Skill and Da’wah Fardiyah Approach in Sustainable Islamic Spiritual Mentoring. In N. Kaur & M. Ahmad (Eds.), Charting A Sustainable Future Of ASEAN In Business And Social Sciences (pp. 79–86). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-3859-9_8
  21. Jayos, S., Ghani, F. A., Tahir, L. M., Jasmi, K. A., & Bandar, N. F. A. (2015). System Support In Counselling Among Muslim Convert Clients In Malaysia. Journal of Cognitive Sciences and Human Development, 1(1), 74–81. https://doi.org/10.33736/jcshd.189.2015
  22. Jones Jr, R. G. (2017). Communication in the Real World. Boston, Massachusetts, United States: FlatWorld.
  23. Karlsson, M. (2013). Representation As Interactive Communication. Information, Communication & Society, 16(8), 1201–1222. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2012.757633
  24. Kelly, A. B., Fincham, F. D., & Beach, S. R. H. (2003). Communication Skills In Couples: A Review And Discussion Of Emerging Perspectives. In J. O. Greene & B. R. Burleson (Eds.), Handbook Of Communication And Social Interaction Skills (pp. 723–751). Mahwah, United State: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  25. Khasanah, F. (2019). Metode Dakwah Gus Dur Dan Era Revolusi Industri 4.0. Al-Balagh : Jurnal Dakwah Dan Komunikasi, 4(2), 317–336. https://doi.org/10.22515/balagh.v4i2.1818
  26. Lewis, M. A., & Neighbors, C. (2005). Self-Determination And The Use Of Self-Presentation Strategies. Journal of Social Psychology, 145(4), 469–490. https://doi.org/10.3200/SOCP.145.4.469-490
  27. Mahajan, R. (2015). The Key Role Of Communication Skills In The Life Of Professionals. Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 20(12), 36–39. Retrieved from www.iosrjournals.org
  28. Mertens, D. M., & Hesse-Biber, S. (2012). Triangulation and Mixed Methods Research: Provocative Positions. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 6(2), 75–79. https://doi.org/10.1177/1558689812437100
  29. Mina, K. S., Jung, J. M., & Ryu, K. (2021). Listen To Their Heart: Why Does Active Listening Enhance Customer Satisfaction After A Service Failure? International Journal of Hospitality Management, 96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2021.102956
  30. Mubasyaroh. (2017). Strategi Dakwah Persuasif dalam Mengubah Perilaku Masyarakat. Ilmu Dakwah: Academic Journal for Homiletic Studies, 11(2), 311–324. https://doi.org/10.15575/idajhs.v12i.2398
  31. Muhadi, U. (2019). Membangun Efektifitas Dakwah Dengan Memahami Psikologi Mad’u. Jurnal Dakwah Dan Komunikasi, 4(2), 169–186. https://doi.org/10.29240/jdk.v4i2.1251
  32. Muqsi. (2018). Hubungan Dakwah dan Komunikasi. Jurnal Peurawi, 1(1), 1–9.
  33. Murtadlo, A. (2019). Kharisma Pendakwah Sebagai Komunikator. Jurnal Spektrum Komunikasi, 7(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.37826/spektrum.v7i1.24
  34. Nordby, H. (2011). The Nature And Limits Of Interactive Communication: A Philosophical Analysis. Seminar.Net: International Journal Of Media, Technology And Lifelong Learning, 7(1), 18–33.
  35. Nuraedah, & Mutawakkil. (2020). The Da’wah Communication Strategy Of Jamaah Tabligh in Sub-district Of Tondo, Palu City. Ilmu Dakwah: Academic Journal for Homiletic Studies, 14(2), 297–316. https://doi.org/10.15575/idajhs.v14i2.10220
  36. Nurcholis, A., Hidayatullah, S. I., & Laila, I. (2019). Inspirational Da’wah For Millennial Generation: Study At IAIN Tulungagung. Jurnal MD, 5(2), 165–180. https://doi.org/10.14421/jmd.2019.52-03
  37. Nussbaum, J. F., & Baringer, D. K. (2000). Message Production Across The Life Span: Communication And Aging. Communication Theory, 10(2), 200–209. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2885.2000.tb00189.x
  38. Qarni, W., Syahnan, M., Harahap, I., Nasution, S., & Fithriani, R. (2019). Verbal and Nonverbal Factors Influencing the Success of Da’wah Communication By Ustadz Abdul Somad. KnE Social Sciences: The Second Annual International Conference on Language and Literature Volume 2019, 804–812. https://doi.org/10.18502/kss.v3i19.4906
  39. Rahmatullah, R. (2016). Analisis Penerapan Metode Dakwah Berdasarkan Karakteristik Mad’u dalam Aktivitas Dakwah. Jurnal Mimbar: Media Intelektual Muslim Dan Bimbingan Rohani, 2(1), 55–71. https://doi.org/10.47435/mimbar.v2i1.286
  40. Rajanuddin, A. M. (2014). Keterampilan Komunikasi Pustakawan Informasi Perpustakaan STAIN Samarinda. Lentera, XVI(2), 198–209. https://doi.org/10.21093/lj.v16i2%20Desember.180
  41. Risdiana, A. (2014). Tranformasi Peran Da’i Dalam Menjawab Peluang Dan Tantanggan. Jurnal Dakwah, XV(2), 433–451.
  42. Rodriguez, P. A. (2017). Conceptual Model Of Communication Theories Within Project Process. INNOVA Research Journal, 2(3), 42–51. https://doi.org/10.33890/innova.v2.n3.2017.131
  43. Rosi, B. (2018). Penguatan Kapasitas Soft Skill “Calon Da’i” Melalui Tugas Pengabdian Masyarakat. ‘Ulûmunâ : Jurnal Studi Keislaman, 4(2), 150–169. https://doi.org/10.36420/ju.v4i2.3500
  44. Rosyid, M. (2020). Optimizing Da’wah From The Perspective Of Da’wah Management: A Case Study Of The Ex- Samin Muallaf In Kudus, Central Java. Jurnal Al-Bayan: Media Kajian Dan Pengembangan Ilmu Dakwah, 26(2), 270 – 303. https://doi.org/10.22373/albayan. v27i1.6846
  45. Saifuddin, A. (2019). Psikologi Agama: Implementasi Psikologi untuk Memahami Perilaku Beragama. Jakarta: Kencana.
  46. Setiyani, W., & Muktafi, M. (2020). The Resilience Of Muslim Converts In Understanding Islam: The Role Of Al-Akbar Mosque For Post-Conversion Accompaniment. Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf Dan Pemikiran Islam, 10(2), 302–324. https://doi.org/10.15642/teosofi.2020.10.2.303-325
  47. Shan, L. C., Panagiotopoulos, P., Regan, Á., De Brún, A., Barnett, J., Wall, P., & McConnon, A. (2015). Interactive Communication With The Public: Qualitative Exploration Of The Use Of Social Media By Food And Health Organizations. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 47(1), 104–108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2014.09.004
  48. Spence, S. H. (2003). Social Skills Training with Children and Young People: Theory, Evidence and Practice. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 8(2), 84–96.
  49. Sulaeman, Sulastri, I., & Nurdin, A. (2018). Dramaturgi Komunikasi Dakwah Para Da’i Di Kota Ambon: Pola Pengelolaan Kesan Di Panggung Depan. Jurnal Komunikasi Islam, 8(1), 86–110. https://doi.org/10.15642/jki.2018.8.1.86-110
  50. Sunarto AS, H. A. (2011). Dakwah Pada Pekerja Seks Komersial. Jurnal Komunikasi Islam, 01(01), 1–15.
  51. Syarifah, M. (2016). Budaya dan Kearifan Dakwah. Al-Balagh : Jurnal Dakwah Dan Komunikasi, 1(1), 23–38. https://doi.org/10.22515/balagh.v1i1.43
  52. Tahir, A., Cangara, H., & Arianto, A. (2020). Komunikasi Dakwah Da’i Dalam Pembinaan Komunitas Mualaf Di Kawasan Pegunungan Karomba Kabupaten Pinrang. Jurnal Ilmu Dakwah, 40(2), 155–167. https://doi.org/10.21580/jid.v40.2.6105
  53. Weger Jr, H., Bell, G. C., Minei, E. M., & Robinson, M. C. (2014). The Relative Effectiveness of Active Listening in Initial Interactions. International Journal of Listening, 28(1), 13–31. https://doi.org/10.1080/10904018.2013.813234
  54. Wolvin, A. D. (2012). Listening, Understanding, and Misunderstanding. 21st Century Communication: A Reference Handbook, 137–146. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781412964005.n16
  55. Yin, R. K. (2009). Case Study Research: Design and Methods (4th Ed). London: Sage Publications.
  56. Yuliani. (2019). The Role Of Language In The Development Of Islamic Da’wah In Indonesia. Jurnal Kelola: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial, 2(2), 129–136. https://doi.org/10.15575/jk.v2i2.8088
  57. Yusro, N. (2017). Urgensitas Kepribadian Da`i Dalam Berdakwah. Jurnal Dakwah Dan Komunikasi, 2(1), 73–100. https://doi.org/10.29240/jdk.v2i1.278

Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 al-Balagh : Jurnal Dakwah dan Komunikasi
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

al-Balagh : Jurnal Dakwah dan Komunikasi
Published by Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah
Institut Agama Islam Negeri Surakarta, Indonesia
Collaborate with APDI (Asosiasi Profesi Dakwah Indonesia)
Jln. Pandawa No. 1, Pucangan, Kartasura, Central Java, Indonesia, 57168
Phone: +62271-781516
Website: http://iain-surakarta.ac.id/
Email: [email protected], [email protected]

ISSN: 2527-5704 (Print)
ISSN: 2527-5682 (Online)
DOI : 10.22515/balagh

This ejournal system and it's contents licensed under
a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Get a feed by atom here, RRS2 here and OAI Links here