Adaptive performance of Indonesian Marine Corps’ Middle-Ranked Officers: The mediating role of job crafting on job demands and job resources

Dwi Warih Untari(1*),Fendy Suhariadi(2),Andreas Budihardjo(3)
(1) Faculty of Psychology Airlangga University
(2) Faculty of Psychology Airlangga University
(3) Faculty of Organization and Human Resource Management, Prasetya Mulya Business School
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.22515/relevance.v4i1.2984

Abstract

Adaptive performance of Marine Corps’ Middle-Ranked Officers (Perwira Menengah Marinir) is an important indicator of the success of the Indonesian Marine Corps’s mission. High job demands and job resources indicate that the Marine Corps is a challenging organization. This study aims to provide a broader perspective on contextual antecedents of Marine Corps organization with job crafting as a mediator of job demands and job resources on the adaptive performance of Marine Corps’ Middle-Ranked Officers. This study used a quantitative approach with a questionnaire survey towards 230 Indonesian Marine Corps’ Middle-Ranked Officers. Data analysis were done using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) with SPSS 22 and AMOS 5.0. Results shown that the hypothesis developed on this research study got significant support. Job demands had positive effects on adaptive performance (β = .16; p< .001); job demands had negative effects on job crafting (β = −.13, p < .01). In return, job resources had positive effects on adaptive performance (β = .59; p< .001) and job resources had positive effects on job crafting (β = .77, p< .001); job crafting had positive effects on adaptive performance (β = .39, p< .001). Effects mediated by job crafting showed a good fit, variance of the adaptive performance 80.9% and variance of job crafting 65.3%. In this case, job demands have a positive effect on the performance of Marine Corps’ Middle-Ranked Officers. Further details are explained and discussed.

References


Bakker, A. B. (2014). The job demands–resources questionnaire. Rotterdam: Erasmus University.

Bakker, A. B., & Demerouti, E. (2007). The job demands-resources model: State of the art. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 22(3), 309–328. https://doi.org/10.1108/02683940710733115

Bakker, A. B., & Demerouti, E. (2017). Job demands-resources theory: Taking stock and looking forward. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000056

Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., & Euwema, M. C. (2005). Job resources buffer the impact of job demands on burnout. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 10(2), 170.

Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., & Verbeke, W. (2004). Using the job demands‐resources model to predict burnout and performance. Human Resource Management: Published in Cooperation with the School of Business Administration, The University of Michigan and in Alliance with the Society of Human Resources Management, 43(1), 83–104.

Bates, M. J., Fallesen, J. J., Huey, W. S., Packard, G. A., Ryan, D. M., Burke, C. S., Smith, D. G., Watola, D. J., Pinder, E. D., Yosick, T. M., Estrada, A. X., Crepeau, L., & Bowles, S. V. (2013). Total force fitness in units part 1: Military demand-resource model. Military Medicine. https://doi.org/10.7205/MILMED-D-12-00519

Berg, J. M., Dutton, J. E., & Wrzesniewski, A. (2013). Job crafting and meaningful work. In Purpose and meaning in the workplace. https://doi.org/10.1037/14183-005

Bindl, U. K., & Parker, S. K. (2010). Proactive work behavior: Forward-thinking and change-oriented action in organizations. In APA handbook of industrial and organizational psychology, Vol 2: Selecting and developing members for the organization. https://doi.org/10.1037/12170-019

Bowden, T., Laux, L., Keenan, P., & Knapp, D. (2003). Identifying and assessing interaction knowledges, skills, and attributes for Objective Force soldiers. Micro Analysis and Design Boulder CO.

Campbell, J. P., McCloy, R. A., Oppler, S. H., & Sager, C. E. (1993). A theory of performance. Personnel Selection in Organizations, 3570, 35–70.

Charbonnier‐Voirin, A., & Roussel, P. (2012). Adaptive performance: A new scale to measure individual performance in organizations. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences/Revue Canadienne Des Sciences de l’Administration, 29(3), 280–293.

Chiaburu, D. S., Lorinkova, N. M., & Van Dyne, L. (2013). Employees’ social context and change-oriented citizenship: A meta-analysis of leader, coworker, and organizational influences. Group & Organization Management, 38(3), 291–333.

Demerouti, E. (2014). Design your own job through job crafting. European Psychologist.

Demerouti, E., Bakker, A. B., & Halbesleben, J. R. B. (2015). Productive and counterproductive job crafting: A daily diary study. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 20(4), 457.

Demerouti, E., Bakker, A. B., Nachreiner, F., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2001). The job demands-resources model of burnout. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(3), 499.

Demerouti, E., Xanthopoulou, D., Petrou, P., & Karagkounis, C. (2017). Does job crafting assist dealing with organizational changes due to austerity measures? Two studies among Greek employees. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 26(4), 574–589.

Ghitulescu, Brenda E. (2013). Making change happen: The impact of work context on adaptive and proactive behaviors. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 49(2), 206–245.

Ghitulescu, Brenda Elena. (2007). Shaping tasks and relationships at work: Examining the antecedents and consequences of employee job crafting. University of Pittsburgh.

Gordon, H. J., Demerouti, E., Le Blanc, P. M., Bakker, A. B., Bipp, T., & Verhagen, M. A. M. T. (2018). Individual job redesign: Job crafting interventions in healthcare. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 104, 98–114.

Goštautaitė, B., & Bučiūnienė, I. (2015). The role of work characteristics in enhancing older employees’ performance: evidence from a post-Soviet country. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 26(6), 757–782.

Grant, A. M., & Parker, S. K. (2009). 7 redesigning work design theories: the rise of relational and proactive perspectives. Academy of Management Annals, 3(1), 317–375.

Griffin, B., & Hesketh, B. (2005). Are conscientious workers adaptable? Australian Journal of Management, 30(2), 245–259.

Griffin, M. A., Neal, A., & Parker, S. K. (2007). A new model of work role performance: Positive behavior in uncertain and interdependent contexts. Academy of Management Journal, 50(2), 327–347.

Hair Jr, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2010). SEM: An introduction. Multivariate data analysis: A global perspective. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

Hakanen, J. J., Schaufeli, W. B., & Ahola, K. (2008). The Job Demands-Resources model: A three-year cross-lagged study of burnout, depression, commitment, and work engagement. Work & Stress, 22(3), 224–241.

Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1), 1–55.

Humphrey, S. E., Nahrgang, J. D., & Morgeson, F. P. (2007). Integrating motivational, social, and contextual work design features: a meta-analytic summary and theoretical extension of the work design literature. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(5), 1332.

Indonesia, S. N. R. (2004). Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 34 Tahun 2004 tentang Tentara Nasional Indonesia. Jakarta.

Irianto, T., & Sutrisno. (2014). Ensiklopedia Korps Marinir TNI AL : Selayang Pandang. Lentera Abadi.

Jundt, D. K., Shoss, M. K., & Huang, J. L. (2015). Individual adaptive performance in organizations: A review. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 36(S1), S53–S71.

Kline, R. B. (2015). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. Guilford publications.

Kozlowski, S. W., & DeShon, R. P. (2005). Enhancing Learning Performance and Adaptability for Complex Tasks. Michigan State Univ East Lansing Dept of Psychology.

Kozlowski, S. W. J., Toney, R. J., Mullins, M. E., Weissbein, D. A., Brown, K. G., & Bell, B. S. (2001). Developing adaptability: A theory for the design of integrated-embedded training systems.

Lyons, P. (2008). The crafting of jobs and individual differences. Journal of Business and Psychology, 23(1–2), 25–36.

Oreg, S., Vakola, M., & Armenakis, A. (2011). Change recipients’ reactions to organizational change: A 60-year review of quantitative studies. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 47(4), 461–524.

Park, S., & Park, S. (2019). Employee Adaptive Performance and Its Antecedents: Review and Synthesis. Human Resource Development Review, 18(3), 294–324.

Parker, S. K., & Collins, C. G. (2010). Taking stock: Integrating and differentiating multiple proactive behaviors. Journal of Management, 36(3), 633–662.

Peeters, M. C. W., Arts, R., & Demerouti, E. (2016). The crossover of job crafting between coworkers and its relationship with adaptivity. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 25(6), 819–832.

Petrou, P., Demerouti, E., Peeters, M. C. W., Schaufeli, W. B., & Hetland, J. (2012). Crafting a job on a daily basis: Contextual correlates and the link to work engagement. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 33(8), 1120–1141.

Ployhart, R. E., & Bliese, P. D. (2006). Individual adaptability (I-ADAPT) theory: Conceptualizing the antecedents, consequences, and measurement of individual differences in adaptability. In Understanding adaptability: A prerequisite for effective performance within complex environments. Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Pulakos, E. D., Arad, S., Donovan, M. A., & Plamondon, K. E. (2000). Adaptability in the workplace: Development of a taxonomy of adaptive performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85(4), 612.

Pulakos, E. D., Schmitt, N., Dorsey, D. W., Arad, S., Borman, W. C., & Hedge, J. W. (2002). Predicting adaptive performance: Further tests of a model of adaptability. Human Performance, 15(4), 299–323.

Reed, B. J. (2012). Leader development, learning agility, and the army profession. Columbia Univ New York Teachers Coll.

Sherehiy, B., & Karwowski, W. (2014). The relationship between work organization and workforce agility in small manufacturing enterprises. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 44(3), 466–473.

Shoss, M. K., Witt, L. A., & Vera, D. (2012). When does adaptive performance lead to higher task performance? Journal of Organizational Behavior, 33(7), 910–924.

Strauss, K., Griffin, M. A., Parker, S. K., & Mason, C. M. (2015). Building and sustaining proactive behaviors: The role of adaptivity and job satisfaction. Journal of Business and Psychology, 30(1), 63–72.

Tentara Negara Indonesia Markas Besar. (2011). Petunjuk teknis pola karier prajurit di jajaran mabes TNI. Sekretariat Negara.

Thompson, M. M. (2008). Individual difference theory and research: Application to multinational coalition teamwork. Research and Development Toronto (Canada).

Tims, M., & Bakker, A. B. (2010). Job crafting: Towards a new model of individual job redesign. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 36(2), 1–9.

Tims, M., Bakker, A. B., & Derks, D. (2012). Development and validation of the job crafting scale. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80(1), 173–186.

Tims, M., Bakker, A. B., & Derks, D. (2013). The impact of job crafting on job demands, job resources, and well-being. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 18(2), 230.

Tims, M., Bakker, A. B., & Derks, D. (2015). Examining job crafting from an interpersonal perspective: Is employee job crafting related to the well‐being of colleagues? Applied Psychology, 64(4), 727–753.

Tucker, J. S., & Gunther, K. M. (2009). The Application of a Model of Adaptive Performance to Army Leader Behaviors. Military Psychology, 21(3), 315–333. https://doi.org/10.1080/08995600902914396

van den Heuvel, M., Demerouti, E., Schreurs, B. H. J., Bakker, A. B., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2009). Does meaning‐making help during organizational change? Career Development International.

Weseler, D., & Niessen, C. (2016). How job crafting relates to task performance. Journal of Managerial Psychology.

Wrzesniewski, A., & Dutton, J. E. (2001). Crafting a job: Revisioning employees as active crafters of their work. Academy of Management Review, 26(2), 179–201.

Wrzesniewski, A., LoBuglio, N., Dutton, J. E., & Berg, J. M. (2013). Job crafting and cultivating positive meaning and identity in work. In Advances in positive organizational psychology. Emerald Group Publishing Limited.


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 165 times
PDF views : 119 times

Dimensions Metrics

Article History

Submited : 9 November 2020
Revised : 12 June 2021
Published : 12 June 2021

The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader).

If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs.

Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link above.

Fullscreen Fullscreen Off

Full Text: PDF

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.